Minor Cuts and Grazes

Wash the wound thoroughly with water and a little soap.  To stop bleeding apply a clean handkerchief or dressing firmly to the wound for about five minutes.  Cover with a clean, dry dressing.

Sprains

Firstly apply a cold compress, containing ice if possible, for 15 to 30 minutes.  A bag of frozen peas is ideal for this.  This will reduce blood flow to the sprained area and, therefore, minimise bruising and subsequent swelling.

Apply, firmly, a crepe bandage and give the sprain plenty of rest until the discomfort has subsided.  If possible, keep the sprained joint raised.  This will make it more comfortable and less swollen.